Alpaca (probably vicuna) was domesticated about 5,000 years ago, thus making it among the first domestic animals. Alpaca - like llama as well as their wild relatives, vicuna and guanago - belongs to the biological family Camelidae and can mainly be found in the South American Andean rugged mountains and plateaus.
Alpaca is a ruminant herd animal that weighs between 45-85 kg and has a height at the withers approximately 75 - 100 cm. They are primarily wool producing farm animals, from which the nomads make their living. In addition to wool, manure is another valuable alpaca produce, since i￼t can be used as fuel. Alpacas graze during the day and return behind walls for the night. Baby alpacas get even further protection from harsh cold nights under man-made canopies.